Bogie Mounted Brake System (MBS) in Freight Stocks
What it is....
The Bogie Mounted Brake system (MBS) equipment consists of a transversely mounted pneumatic brake cylinder with a self-contained, double acting slack adjuster, two brake beams, two bell crank levers and interconnecting push rods. The hand brake arrangement is available as a mechanical model with two flexible handbrake cables. The pneumatic Brake Cylinder is 10" in diameter for application with high friction brake shoe (K type) on casnub type bogies. The system consists of a unique design with two pneumatic Brake Cylinder (one per bogie) to deliver reliable braking performance and is light in weight. It fits into CASNUB bogie and uses 58 mm thick brake shoes. Brake cylinder contains an integral double acting slack adjuster, which provides optimal braking force and minimizes shoe & wheel wear. The design is with high strength and minimal brake beam deflection.
More Safety - Two nos. of 10" brake cylinders with inbuilt double acting slack adjuster have been used per wagon. Along with this an automatic load-sensing device has been used for two stage braking (empty/loaded). This delivers optimum braking performance and hence increases safety parameters.
Reliability - Instead of one 14" cylinder, two 10" cylinders have been provided per wagon (one per bogie). This increases the system reliability as in case of failure of one cylinder the wagon can be moved on another cylinder with the isolation of failed cylinder.
Cost Reduction - Maintenance cost reduced as two cylinders are provided with inbuilt slack adjuster, re-screwing of slack adjuster is automatic and can be done from the side of the wagon by a crow bar. The system simplified installation and even shoe wear helps extend the turn round time between wagon maintenance intervals. The Fitment cost also reduced as the BMBS drops in fit product as new brake beams are provided to slide in the existing chutes of bogie. It is very easy to assemble no special training or tools are required for assembly. And a unique design that delivers optimum braking performance while minimizing weight. With the system has reduced the tare weight of wagon which in turn helps in reducing the Pay load cost.
Replaceable Brake Heads - Improved features replaceable brake heads which do not require disassembly of the bogie for installation. This system is a direct acting system and does not require levers or reverse direction devices.
Integral Double Acting Slack Adjuster - Integral double acting slack adjuster maintains a constant 56mm piston stroke, resulting in uniform and efficient braking performance even as the brake shoes and wheel wear. The slack adjuster has a total make up of 500 mm, compensating for 192 mm of nominal brake shoe wear and 188 mm of nominal wheel wear.
Beam Design - The Beam design dramatically reduces bending loads in the beams, enabling the use of lighter structure with no sacrifice in the performance. In this system, cylinder is mounted parallel to the brake beams and transfers forces through the bell cranks. This parallelogram design improves the efficiency and aligns the braking forces with the wheels, which reduces the shoe and wheel wear.
Under Bolster Design - In this system push rods are positioned under the bolster and can be configured to work with all bogie designs.
How it works...
During application, the air is introduced into the brake cylinder, which forces out the piston along the ram assembly. The brake cylinder is floating in nature, as result the brake cylinder extends equally on both the sides. This extension of brake cylinder causes the rotation of the bell crank levers on their pivot (which is on primary brake beam) and forces the push rod to move towards the secondary beam. This movement causes the secondary brake beam to move towards the wheels and apply force on the wheels. Simultaneously a reaction force is developed which causes the primary brake beam (along with levers and brake cylinder) to move towards the wheels. The primary brake beam continues to move until it touches the wheels and apply force on the wheels.
When the brakes are released, the air from the brake cylinder is exhausted to the atmosphere through the Distributor valve. The return spring inside the brake cylinder pushes the piston along with the ram assembly back to its original position. The bell crank levers rotate back, causing the beams to move back to their earlier positions. The brake cylinder is equipped with a double acting slack adjuster. If there is any wear (Brake Shoe/Wheel) or any slackness in the structure, it will be automatically compensated by the built in slack adjuster which pays out to fill the gap.
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